The Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) domain of ArfGAP with Coiled-coil, ANK repeat and PH domain containing protein 1
BAR domains are dimerization, lipid binding and curvature sensing modules found in many different proteins with diverse functions. ACAP1 (ArfGAP with Coiled-coil, ANK repeat and PH domain containing protein 1), also called centaurin beta-1, is an Arf6-specific GTPase activating protein (GAP) which mediates Arf6 signaling. Arf6 is involved in the regulation of endocytosis, phagocytosis, cell adhesion and migration. ACAP1 also participates in the cargo sorting and recycling of the transferrin receptor and integrin beta1. It may also play a role in innate immune responses. ACAP1 contains an N-terminal BAR domain, followed by a Pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, an Arf GAP domain, and C-terminal ankyrin (ANK) repeats. BAR domains form dimers that bind to membranes, induce membrane bending and curvature, and may also be involved in protein-protein interactions.