The Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) domain of RhoGAP interacting with CIP4 homologs protein 2
BAR domains are dimerization, lipid binding and curvature sensing modules found in many different proteins with diverse functions. RhoGAP interacting with CIP4 homologs protein 2 (Rich2) is a Rho GTPase activating protein that interacts with CD317, a lipid raft-associated integral membrane protein. It plays a role in actin cytoskeleton organization and the maintenance of microvilli in polarized epithelial cells. Rich2 contains an N-terminal BAR domain followed by a GAP domain for Rho and Rac GTPases and a C-terminal proline-rich domain. BAR domains form dimers that bind to membranes, induce membrane bending and curvature, and may also be involved in protein-protein interactions.