The Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) domain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Reduced viability upon starvation protein 161 and similar proteins
BAR domains are dimerization, lipid binding and curvature sensing modules found in many different proteins with diverse functions. This subfamily is composed of fungal proteins with similarity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Reduced viability upon starvation protein 161 (Rvs161p) and Schizosaccharomyces pombe Hob3 (homolog of Bin3). S. cerevisiae Rvs161p plays a role in regulating cell polarity, actin cytoskeleton polarization, vesicle trafficking, endocytosis, bud formation, and the mating response. It forms a heterodimer with another BAR domain protein Rvs167p. Rvs161p and Rvs167p share common functions but are not interchangeable. Their BAR domains cannot be replaced with each other and the overexpression of one cannot suppress the mutant phenotypes of the other. S. pombe Hob3 is important in regulating filamentous actin localization and may be required in activating Cdc42 and recruiting it to cell division sites. BAR domains form dimers that bind to membranes, induce membrane bending and curvature, and may also be involved in protein-protein interactions.