The phosphoinositide binding Phox Homology domain of uncharacterized proteins containing PX and RUN domains
The PX domain is a phosphoinositide (PI) binding module involved in targeting proteins to PI-enriched membranes. Members in this subfamily are uncharacterized proteins containing an N-terminal RUN domain and a C-terminal PX domain. PX domain harboring proteins have been implicated in highly diverse functions such as cell signaling, vesicular trafficking, protein sorting, lipid modification, cell polarity and division, activation of T and B cells, and cell survival. In addition to protein-lipid interaction, the PX domain may also be involved in protein-protein interaction. The RUN domain is found in GTPases in the Rap and Rab families and may play a role in Ras-like signaling pathways.
Feature 1:phosphoinositide binding site [chemical binding site]
Comment:A majority of PX domain containing proteins binds phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P) at this site. In some cases, other phosphoinositides, such as PI4P or PI(3,4)P2, are the preferred substrates.
Comment:based on the structures of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate bound to other members of this superfamily
Comment:Two basic residues are key in binding with phosphoinositides: one forms hydrogen bonds with the 3-phosphate of PI(3)P and another forms hydrogen bonds with the 4-and 5-hydroxyl groups of PI(3)P.