Patatin is a storage protein of the potato tuber that shows Phospholipase A2 activity (PLA2; EC 126.96.36.199). Patatin catalyzes the nonspecific hydrolysis of phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, and mono- and diacylglycerols, thereby showing lipid acyl hydrolase activity. The active site includes an oxyanion hole with a conserved GGxR motif; it is found in almost all the members of this family. The catalytic dyad is formed by a serine and an aspartate. Patatin belongs to the alpha-beta hydrolase family which is identified by a characteristic nucleophile elbow with a consensus sequence of Sm-X-Nu-Sm (Sm = small residue, X = any residue and Nu = nucleophile). Members of this family have been found also in vertebrates. This family includes PNPLA (1-9), TGL (3-5), ExoU-like, and SDP1-like subfamilies. There are some additional hypothetical proteins included in this family.