DNA-binding domain of the photoreceptor cell-specific nuclear receptor (PNR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers
DNA-binding domain of the photoreceptor cell-specific nuclear receptor (PNR) is composed of two C4-type zinc fingers. Each zinc finger contains a group of four Cys residues which co-ordinates a single zinc atom. PNR interacts with specific DNA sites upstream of the target gene and modulates the rate of transcriptional initiation. PNR is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of the ligand-activated transcription factors. PNR is expressed only in the outer layer of retinal photoreceptor cells. It may be involved in the signaling pathway regulating photoreceptor differentiation and/or maintenance. It most likely binds to DNA as a homodimer. Like other members of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors, PNR has a central well conserved DNA binding domain (DBD), a variable N-terminal domain, a flexible hinge and a C-terminal ligand binding domain (LBD).