The phosphoinositide binding Phox Homology domain of HS1BP3
The PX domain is a phosphoinositide (PI) binding module present in many proteins with diverse functions such as cell signaling, vesicular trafficking, protein sorting, and lipid modification, among others. Hematopoietic lineage cell-specific protein-1 (HS1) binding protein 3 (HS1BP3) associates with HS1 proteins through their SH3 domains, suggesting a role in mediating signaling. It has been reported that HS1BP3 might affect the IL-2 signaling pathway in hematopoietic lineage cells. Mutations in HS1BP3 may also be associated with familial Parkinson disease and essential tremor. HS1BP3 contains a PX domain, a leucine zipper, motifs similar to immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif and proline-rich regions. The PX domain interacts with PIs and plays a role in targeting proteins to PI-enriched membranes.
Feature 1:phosphoinositide binding site [chemical binding site]
Comment:A majority of PX domain containing proteins binds phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P) at this site. In some cases, other phosphoinositides, such as PI4P or PI(3,4)P2, are the preferred substrates.
Comment:based on the structures of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate bound to other members of this superfamily
Comment:Two basic residues are key in binding with phosphoinositides: one forms hydrogen bonds with the 3-phosphate of PI(3)P and another forms hydrogen bonds with the 4-and 5-hydroxyl groups of PI(3)P.