Immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain found in neuregulin (NRG)-1
The members here are composed of the immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain found in neuregulin (NRG)-1. There are many NRG-1 isoforms which arise from the alternative splicing of mRNA. NRG-1 belongs to the neuregulin gene family which is comprised of four genes. This group represents NRG-1. NRGs are signaling molecules which participate in cell-cell interactions in the nervous system, breast, and heart, and other organ systems, and are implicated in the pathology of diseases including schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, and breast cancer. The NRG-1 protein binds to and activates the tyrosine kinases receptors ErbB3 and ErbB4, initiating signaling cascades. NRG-1 has multiple functions, for example, in the brain it regulates various processes such as radial glia formation and neuronal migration, dendritic development, and expression of neurotransmitters receptors in the peripheral nervous system NRG-1 regulates processes such as target cell differentiation, and Schwann cell survival.