Second immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of nectin-like molecule-4 (Necl-4); member of the I-set of Ig superfamily domains
The members here are composed of the second immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of nectin-like molecule-4 (Necl-4; also known as cell adhesion molecule 4 (CADM4)). Nectin-like molecules have similar domain structures to those of nectins. At least five nectin-like molecules have been identified (Necl-1-Necl-5). These have an extracellular region containing three Ig-like domains, one transmembrane region, and one cytoplasmic region. Ig domains are likely to participate in ligand binding and recognition. Necl-4 is expressed on Schwann cells, and plays a key part in initiating peripheral nervous system (PNS) myelination. In injured peripheral nerve cells, the mRNA signal for both Necl-4 and Necl-5 was observed to be elevated. Necl-4 participates in cell-cell adhesion and is proposed to play a role in tumor suppression.