First (N-terminal) immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of nectin-like molecule-1 (Necl-1); member of the V-set of Ig superfamily (IgSF) domains
The members here are composed of the N-terminal immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of nectin-like molecule-1, Necl-1 (also known as celll adhesion molecule 3 (CADM3), SynCAM2, or IGSF4). Nectin-like molecules have similar domain structures to those of nectins. At least five nectin-like molecules have been identified (Necl-1 - Necl-5). They all have an extracellular region containing three Ig-like domains, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic region. The N-terminal Ig-like domain of the extracellular region belongs to the V-type subfamily of Ig domains, is essential to cell-cell adhesion, and plays a part in the interaction with the envelope glycoprotein D of various viruses. Necl-1 has Ca(2+)-independent homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion activity. Necl-1 is specifically expressed in neural tissue and is important to the formation of synapses, axon bundles, and myelinated axons.