Immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2); member of the I-set of Ig superfamily (IgSF) domains
The members here are composed of the immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2). The VEGFRs have an extracellular component with seven Ig-like domains, a transmembrane segment, and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain interrupted by a kinase-insert domain. VEGFRs bind VEGFs with high affinity at the Ig-like domains. VEGFR-2 (KDR/Flk-1) is a major mediator of the mitogenic, angiogenic and microvascular permeability-enhancing effects of VEGF-A; VEGF-A is important to the growth and maintenance of vascular endothelial cells and to the development of new blood- and lymphatic-vessels in physiological and pathological states. VEGF-A also interacts with VEGFR-1, which it binds more strongly than VEGFR-2. VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 may mediate a chemotactic and a survival signal in hematopoietic stem cells or leukemia cells. This group belongs to the I-set of IgSF domains, having A-B-E-D strands in one beta-sheet and A'-G-F-C-C' in the other. Like the V-set Ig domains, members of the I-set have a discontinuous A strand, but lack a C" strand.