Third immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2); member of the I-set of Ig superfamily (IgSF) domains
The members here are composed of the third immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of human fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2). Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) participate in morphogenesis, development, angiogenesis, and wound healing. These FGF-stimulated processes are mediated by four FGFR tyrosine kinases (FGRF1-4). FGFRs are comprised of an extracellular portion consisting of three Ig-like domains, a transmembrane helix, and a cytoplasmic portion having protein tyrosine kinase activity. The highly conserved Ig-like domains 2 and 3, and the linker region between D2 and D3 define a general binding site for FGFs. FGFR2 is required for male sex determination. This group belongs to the I-set of IgSF domains, having A-B-E-D strands in one beta-sheet and A'-G-F-C-C' in the other. Like the V-set Ig domains, members of the I-set have a discontinuous A strand, but lack a C" strand.