First immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of contactin-2; member of the I-set of Ig superfamily domains
The members here are composed of the first immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of the neural cell adhesion molecule contactin-2-like. Contactins are comprised of six Ig domains followed by four fibronectin type III (FnIII) domains anchored to the membrane by glycosylphosphatidylinositol. Contactin-2 (TAG-1, axonin-1) facilitates cell adhesion by homophilic binding between molecules in apposed membranes. It may play a part in the neuronal processes of neurite outgrowth, axon guidance and fasciculation, and neuronal migration. The first four Ig domains form the intermolecular binding fragment, which arranges as a compact U-shaped module by contacts between IG domains 1 and 4, and domains 2 and 3. The different contactins show different expression patterns in the central nervous system. During development and in adulthood, contactin-2 is transiently expressed in subsets of central and peripheral neurons. Contactin-2 is also expressed in retinal amacrine cells in the developing chick retina, corresponding to the period of formation and maturation of AC processes. This group belongs to the I-set of IgSF domains.