First immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of contactin-5; member of the I-set of Ig superfamily domains
The members here are composed of the first immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of the neural cell adhesion molecule contactin-5. Contactins are comprised of six Ig domains followed by four fibronectin type III (FnIII) domains, anchored to the membrane by glycosylphosphatidylinositol. The different contactins show different expression patterns in the central nervous system. In rats, a lack of contactin-5 (NB-2) results in an impairment of the neuronal activity in the auditory system. Contactin-5 is expressed specifically in the postnatal nervous system, peaking at about 3 weeks postnatal. Contactin-5 is highly expressed in the adult human brain in the occipital lobe and in the amygdala; lower levels of expression have been detected in the corpus callosum, caudate nucleus, and spinal cord. This group belongs to the I-set of IgSF domains.