Second immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) 7
The members here are composed of the second immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain in protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) 7, also known as CCK4. PTK7 is a subfamily of the receptor protein tyrosine kinase family, and is referred to as an RPTK-like molecule. RPTKs transduce extracellular signals across the cell membrane and play important roles in regulating cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. PTK7 is organized as an extracellular portion having seven Ig-like domains, a single transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase-like domain. PTK7 is considered a pseudokinase as it has several unusual residues in some of the highly conserved tyrosine kinase (TK) motifs; it is predicted to lack TK activity. PTK7 may function as a cell-adhesion molecule. PTK7 mRNA is expressed at high levels in placenta, melanocytes, liver, lung, pancreas, and kidney. PTK7 is overexpressed in several cancers, including melanoma and colon cancer lines.