Immunoglobulin (Ig)-like variable (V) domain of Cluster of Differentiation (CD) 8 alpha chain
The members here are composed of the immunoglobulin (Ig)-like variable domain of the Cluster of Differentiation (CD) 8 alpha. The CD8 glycoprotein plays an essential role in the control of T-cell selection, maturation, and the T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated response to peptide antigen. CD8 is comprised of alpha and beta subunits and is expressed as either an alpha/alpha or alpha/beta dimer. Both dimeric isoforms can serve as a coreceptor for T cell activation and differentiation, however they have distinct physiological roles, different cellular distributions, unique binding partners, etc. Each CD8 subunit is comprised of an extracellular domain containing a V-type Ig-like domain, a single pass transmembrane portion, and a short intracellular domain. The Ig domain of CD8 alpha binds to antibodies. Members of this group contain standard Ig superfamily V-set AGFCC'C"/DEB domain topology.