Immunoglobulin Variable (IgV) domain at the N-terminus of CD33 and related Siglecs (sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectins)
The members here are composed of the immunoglobulin (Ig) domain at the N-terminus of Cluster of Differentiation (CD) 33 and related Siglecs (sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectins). Siglec refers to a structurally related protein family that specifically recognizes sialic acid in oligosaccharide chains of glycoproteins and glycolipids. Siglecs are type I transmembrane proteins, organized as an extracellular module composed of Ig-like domains, an N-terminal variable set of Ig-like carbohydrate recognition domains, and 1 to 16 constant Ig-like domains, followed by transmembrane and short cytoplasmic domains. Human Siglecs are classified into two subgroups, one subgroup is comprised of sialoadhesin (Siglec-1), CD22 (Siglec-2), and MAG, the other subgroup is comprised of CD33-related Siglecs which include CD33 (Siglec-3) and human Siglecs 5-11.