Chloroplast Nucleoids DNA-binding Protease, catalyzes the degradation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase.
Chloroplast Nucleoids DNA-binding Protease catalyzes the degradation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) in senescent leaves of tobacco. Antisense tobacco with reduced amount of CND41 maintained green leaves and constant protein levels, especially Rubisco. CND41 has DNA-binding as well as aspartic protease activities. The pepsin-like aspartic protease domain is located at the C-terminus of the protein. The enzyme is characterized by having two aspartic protease catalytic site motifs, the Asp-Thr-Gly-Ser in the N-terminal and Asp-Ser-Gly-Ser in the C-terminal region. Aspartic proteases are bilobal enzymes, each lobe contributing a catalytic Asp residue, with an extended active site cleft localized between the two lobes of the molecule. One lobe may be evolved from the other through ancient gene-duplication event. This family of aspartate proteases is classified by MEROPS as the peptidase family A1 (pepsin A, clan AA).