C-terminal domain of Chitin Synthase catalyzes the incorporation of GlcNAc from substrate UDP-GlcNAc into chitin.
Chitin synthase, also called UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:chitin 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, catalyzes the incorporation of GlcNAc from substrate UDP-GlcNAc into chitin, which is a linear homopolymer of GlcNAc residues formed by covalent beta-1,4 linkages. Chitin is an important component of the cell wall of fungi and bacteria and it is synthesized on the cytoplasmic surface of the cell membrane by membrane bound chitin synthases. Studies with fungi have revealed that most of them contain more than one chitin synthase gene. At least five subclasses of chitin synthases have been identified.