Protein convertases, whose members include furins and kexins, are members of the peptidase S8 or Subtilase clan of proteases. They have an Asp/His/Ser catalytic triad that is not homologous to trypsin. Kexins are involved in the activation of peptide hormones, growth factors, and viral proteins. Furin cleaves cell surface vasoactive peptides and proteins involved in cardiovascular tissue remodeling in the TGN, at cell surface, or in endosomes but rarely in the ER. Furin also plays a key role in blood pressure regulation though the activation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. High specificity is seen for cleavage after dibasic (Lys-Arg or Arg-Arg) or multiple basic residues in protein convertases. There is also strong sequence conservation.