C-type lectin-like domain (CTLD) of the type found in Human REG-1 (lithostathine), REG-4, and avian eggshell-specific proteins: ansocalcin, structhiocalcin-1(SCA-1), and -2(SCA-2)
CLECT_REG-1_like: C-type lectin-like domain (CTLD) of the type found in Human REG-1 (lithostathine), REG-4, and avian eggshell-specific proteins: ansocalcin, structhiocalcin-1(SCA-1), and -2(SCA-2). CTLD refers to a domain homologous to the carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) of the C-type lectins. REG-1 is a proliferating factor which participates in various kinds of tissue regeneration including pancreatic beta-cell regeneration, regeneration of intestinal mucosa, regeneration of motor neurons, and perhaps in tissue regeneration of damaged heart. REG-1 may play a role on the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease and in the development of gastric cancers. Its expression is correlated with reduced survival from early-stage colorectal cancer. REG-1 also binds and aggregates several bacterial strains from the intestinal flora and it has been suggested that it is involved in the control of the intestinal bacterial ecosystem. Rat lithostathine has calcium carbonate crystal inhibitor activity in vitro. REG-IV is unregulated in pancreatic, gastric, hepatocellular, and prostrate adenocarcinomas. REG-IV activates the EGF receptor/Akt/AP-1 signaling pathway in colorectal carcinoma. Ansocalcin, SCA-1 and -2 are found at high concentration in the calcified egg shell layer of goose and ostrich, respectively and tend to form aggregates. Ansocalcin nucleates calcite crystal aggregates in vitro.