A4 beta-galactosidase middle domain: a type 1 glutamine amidotransferase (GATase1)-like domain
A4 beta-galactosidase middle domain: a type 1 glutamine amidotransferase (GATase1)-like domain. This group includes proteins similar to beta-galactosidase from Thermus thermophilus. Beta-Galactosidase hydrolyzes the beta-1,4-D-galactosidic linkage of lactose, as well as those of related chromogens, o-nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside (ONP-Gal) and 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-beta-D-galactoside (X-gal). This A4 beta-galactosidase middle domain lacks the catalytic triad of typical GATase1 domains. The reactive Cys residue found in the sharp turn between a beta strand and an alpha helix termed the nucleophile elbow in typical GATase1 domains is not conserved in this group.