Ribosomal protein S2 (RPS2), involved in formation of the translation initiation complex, where it might contact the messenger RNA and several components of the ribosome. It has been shown that in Escherichia coli RPS2 is essential for the binding of ribosomal protein S1 to the 30s ribosomal subunit. In humans, most likely in all vertebrates, and perhaps in all metazoans, the protein also functions as the 67 kDa laminin receptor (LAMR1 or 67LR), which is formed from a 37 kDa precursor, and is overexpressed in many tumors. 67LR is a cell surface receptor which interacts with a variety of ligands, laminin-1 and others. It is assumed that the ligand interactions are mediated via the conserved C-terminus, which becomes extracellular as the protein undergoes conformational changes which are not well understood. Specifically, a conserved palindromic motif, LMWWML, may participate in the interactions. 67LR plays essential roles in the adhesion of cells to the basement membrane and subsequent signalling events, and has been linked to several diseases. Some evidence also suggests that the precursor of 67LR, 37LRP is also present in the nucleus in animals, where it appears associated with histones.