Short chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases and eukaryotic short/branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases
Short chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD). SCAD is a mitochondrial beta-oxidation enzyme. It catalyzes the alpha,beta dehydrogenation of the corresponding trans-enoyl-CoA by FAD, which becomes reduced. The reduced form of SCAD is reoxidized in the oxidative half-reaction by electron-transferring flavoprotein (ETF), from which the electrons are transferred to the mitochondrial respiratory chain coupled with ATP synthesis. This subgroup also contains the eukaryotic short/branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase(SBCAD), the bacterial butyryl-CoA dehydorgenase(BCAD) and 2-methylbutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase, which is involved in isoleucine catabolism. These enzymes are homotetramers.