NAD(P) binding domain of leucine dehydrogenase, phenylalanine dehydrogenase, and valine dehydrogenase
Amino acid dehydrogenase (DH) is a widely distributed family of enzymes that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of an amino acid to its keto acid and ammonia with concomitant reduction of NADP+. For example, leucine DH catalyzes the reversible oxidative deamination of L-leucine and several other straight or branched chain amino acids to the corresponding 2-oxoacid derivative. Amino acid DH -like NAD(P)-binding domains are members of the Rossmann fold superfamily and include glutamate, leucine, and phenylalanine DHs, methylene tetrahydrofolate DH, methylene-tetrahydromethanopterin DH, methylene-tetrahydropholate DH/cyclohydrolase, Shikimate DH-like proteins, malate oxidoreductases, and glutamyl tRNA reductase. Amino acid DHs catalyze the deamination of amino acids to keto acids with NAD(P)+ as a cofactor. The NAD(P)-binding Rossmann fold superfamily includes a wide variety of protein families including NAD(P)- binding domains of alcohol DHs, tyrosine-dependent oxidoreductases, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate DH, lactate/malate DHs, formate/glycerate DHs, siroheme synthases, 6-phosphogluconate DH, amino acid DHs, repressor rex, NAD-binding potassium channel domain, CoA-binding, and ornithine cyclodeaminase-like domains. These domains have an alpha-beta-alpha configuration. NAD binding involves numerous hydrogen and van der Waals contacts.