NAD-dependent, lactate dehydrogenase-like, 2-hydroxycarboxylate dehydrogenase family
Members of this family include ubiquitous enzymes like L-lactate dehydrogenases (LDH), L-2-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenases, and some malate dehydrogenases (MDH). LDH catalyzes the last step of glycolysis in which pyruvate is converted to L-lactate. MDH is one of the key enzymes in the citric acid cycle, facilitating both the conversion of malate to oxaloacetate and replenishing levels of oxalacetate by reductive carboxylation of pyruvate. The LDH/MDH-like proteins are part of the NAD(P)-binding Rossmann fold superfamily, which includes a wide variety of protein families including the NAD(P)-binding domains of alcohol dehydrogenases, tyrosine-dependent oxidoreductases, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases, formate/glycerate dehydrogenases, siroheme synthases, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases, aminoacid dehydrogenases, repressor rex, and NAD-binding potassium channel domains, among others.