This domain is found in proteins of the MutS family (DNA mismatch repair proteins) and is found associated with pfam00488, pfam05188, pfam01624 and pfam05190. The MutS family of proteins is named after the Salmonella typhimurium MutS protein involved in mismatch repair; other members of the family included the eukaryotic MSH 1,2,3, 4,5 and 6 proteins. These have various roles in DNA repair and recombination. Human MSH has been implicated in non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) and is a mismatch binding protein. The aligned region corresponds with domain III, which is central to the structure of Thermus aquaticus MutS as characterized in.