Region 2 of sigma-70 is the most conserved region of the entire protein. All members of this class of sigma-factor contain region 2. The high conservation is due to region 2 containing both the -10 promoter recognition helix and the primary core RNA polymerase binding determinant. The core binding helix, interacts with the clamp domain of the largest polymerase subunit, beta prime. The aromatic residues of the recognition helix, found at the C-terminus of this domain are though to mediate strand separation, thereby allowing transcription initiation.