pAD1 is a haemolysin/bacteriocin plasmid originally identified in Enterococcus faecalis DS16. It encodes a mating response to a peptide sex pheromone, cAD1, secreted by recipient bacteria. Once the plasmid pAD1 is acquired, production of the pheromone ceases--a trait related in part to a determinant designated traB. However a related protein is found in C. elegans, suggesting that members of the TraB family have some more general function. This family also includes the bacterial GumN protein. The family has a conserved GXXH motif close to the N-terminus, a conserved glutamate and a conserved arginine that may be catalytic. The family also includes a second conserved GXXH motif near the C-terminus. This family also contains the Tiki proteins that regulate Wnt signalling.