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By mouth: Treats inflammation and many other medical problems. This medicine is a corticosteroid.

Injection: Treats symptoms of many conditions such as joint disease, skin conditions, allergies, swelling, eye disease, and stomach or bowel disease. Also used to test for adrenal gland problems. This medicine is a corticosteroid.

Into the eye: Treats inflammation of the eye caused by allergies, severe acne, keratitis, or infections. Dexamethasone eye drops are sometimes used in the ear to treat outer ear infections. This medicine is a corticosteroid.

Into the eye: Treats macular edema and uveitis. This medicine is a corticosteroid.

UsesSide effectsLatest evidence reviewsResearch summaries for consumersBrand names

Dexamethasone suppression test

Dexamethasone suppression test measures whether adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) secretion by the pituitary can be suppressed.

Tests and Treatments - Last reviewed: November 7, 2013

Corticosteroids overdose

Corticosteroids are a type of anti-inflammatory medicine. Corticosteroid overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medication.

First Aid and Emergencies - Last reviewed: January 18, 2014

Hormone levels

Blood or urine tests can determine the levels of various hormones in the body. This includes reproductive hormones, thyroid hormones, adrenal hormones, pituitary hormones, and many others. For more information, see:

Tests and Treatments - Last reviewed: August 16, 2011

Cushing syndrome

Cushing syndrome is a disorder that occurs when your body has a high level of the hormone cortisol.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: November 7, 2013

Cushing disease

Cushing disease is a condition in which the pituitary gland releases too much adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The pituitary gland is an organ of the endocrine system.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: November 7, 2013

Growth hormone suppression test

The growth hormone suppression test determines whether growth hormone (GH) production is suppressed by high blood sugar.

Tests and Treatments - Last reviewed: December 4, 2013

ACTH blood test

The ACTH test measures the level of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in the blood. ACTH is a hormone released from the pituitary gland in the brain.

Tests and Treatments - Last reviewed: November 7, 2013

Creatine phosphokinase test

Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) is an enzyme found mainly in the heart, brain, and skeletal muscle. This article discusses the test to measure the amount of CPK in the blood.

Tests and Treatments - Last reviewed: February 13, 2013

CPK isoenzymes test

The CPK isoenzymes test measures the different forms of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) in the blood. CPK is an enzyme found mainly in the heart, brain, and skeletal muscle.

Tests and Treatments - Last reviewed: February 13, 2013

Brain herniation

A brain herniation is when brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood vessels are moved or pressed away from their usual position inside the skull.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: August 29, 2012

Ectopic Cushing syndrome

Ectopic Cushing syndrome is a form of Cushing syndrome in which a tumor outside the pituitary or adrenal glands produces a hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: November 7, 2013

Encephalitis

Encephalitis is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the brain, most often due to infections.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: August 1, 2012

Cushing syndrome due to adrenal tumor

Cushing syndrome due to adrenal tumor is a form of Cushing syndrome. It occurs when a tumor of the adrenal gland releases excess amounts of the hormone cortisol.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: November 7, 2013

Pituitary tumor

A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland. This is the part of the brain that regulates the body's balance of many hormones.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: November 7, 2013

Acute mountain sickness

Acute mountain sickness is an illness that can affect mountain climbers, hikers, skiers, or travelers at high altitudes, usually above 8,000 feet (2,400 meters).

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: January 13, 2013

Croup

Croup is breathing difficulty and a "barking" cough. Croup is due to swelling around the vocal cords. It is common in infants and children.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: May 16, 2012

Spinal tumor

A spinal tumor is a growth of cells (mass) in or surrounding the spinal cord.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: September 9, 2012

Metastatic brain tumor

A metastatic brain tumor is cancer that started in another part of the body and spread to the brain.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: March 23, 2014

Spinal cord trauma

Spinal cord trauma is damage to the spinal cord. It may result from direct injury to the cord itself or indirectly from disease of the surrounding bones, tissues, or blood vessels.

Diseases and Conditions - Last reviewed: May 14, 2012

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