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Candidiasis is a fungal infection due to any types of Candida (a type of yeast). When it affects the vagina, it is commonly called a yeast infection.

Results: 5

Topical treatment for vaginal candidiasis (thrush) in pregnancy

Imidazoles are best but pregnant women may need longer (7 not 4 day) courses. Thrush is a common vaginal infection in pregnancy causing itching and soreness. There is no evidence that this yeast infection harms the baby. Antifungal creams are effective. Imidazoles (such as clotrimazole) are more effective than older treatments such as nystatin and hydrargaphen. Longer courses (7 days) cured more than 90% of women whereas standard (4 day) courses only cured about half the cases.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonization

Women, men and children of all ages can be colonized with Group B streptococcus (GBS) bacteria without having any symptoms. Group B streptococcus are particularly found in the gastrointestinal tract, vagina and urethra. This is the situation in both developed and developing countries. About one in 2000 newborn babies have GBS bacterial infections, usually evident as respiratory disease, general sepsis, or meningitis within the first week. The baby contracts the infection from the mother during labor. Giving the mother an antibiotic directly into a vein during labor causes bacterial counts to fall rapidly, which suggests possible benefits but pregnant women need to be screened. Many countries have guidelines on screening for GBS in pregnancy and treatment with antibiotics. Some risk factors for an affected baby are preterm and low birthweight; prolonged labor; prolonged rupture of the membranes (more than 12 hours); severe changes in fetal heart rate during the first stage of labor; and gestational diabetes. Very few of the women in labor who are GBS positive give birth to babies who are infected with GBS and antibiotics can have harmful effects such as severe maternal allergic reactions, increase in drug‐resistant organisms and exposure of newborn infants to resistant bacteria, and postnatal maternal and neonatal yeast infections.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Which treatments are effective for bacterial vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis can cause symptoms such as discharge with an unpleasant odor. The antibiotics clindamycin and metronidazole are both effective treatments for bacterial vaginosis. There has not yet been enough research on the possible benefits of lactic acid bacteria treatments.Bacterial vaginosis is quite common and caused by changes in the vaginal flora that allow rapid growth of specific types of bacteria (usually Gardnerella).The infection can cause a thin, grayish-white discharge with an unpleasant odor, but it often goes undetected. If it does produce symptoms, antibiotics can be used as an effective treatment, also during pregnancy. Treatment can help lower the slightly increased risk of miscarriage due to the infection, too.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: April 22, 2015

Treatment of acute cystitis

Antibiotics can help relieve the symptoms of acute cystitis and get rid of the infection. Household remedies and herbal products are also available, but their effectiveness has not yet been scientifically proven.Uncomplicated cystitis is very common. It is caused by a bacterial infection. The usual symptoms include passing urine frequently accompanied by a burning pain. Usually, there is also an increased urge to urinate. These symptoms are very unpleasant, but they can be treated effectively. Uncomplicated cystitis usually goes away without complications.Women have different ways of coping with cystitis. Some wait for a couple of days to see if the symptoms go away on their own, or they may follow common advice, such as drinking plenty of fluids or passing urine after sexual intercourse. Many others decide to take antibiotics if their symptoms have gotten worse.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: January 16, 2013

Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the health problems that continue or appear after cancer treatment has ended.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 26, 2016

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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