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Sound therapy (masking) in the management of tinnitus in adults

Tinnitus can be described as a perception of sound that is not related to an external acoustic source. Subjective tinnitus is not heard by anyone else but the sufferer. At present no particular treatment for tinnitus has been found effective in all patients.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Hearing loss and deafness: Hearing tests in newborns

In Germany and other countries,  newborn babies are routinely given hearing tests in order to detect and treat hearing impairments as early as possible. This can improve early language development in children who have hearing problems.Nearly all babies can hear well: 997 out of 1,000 babies are born with normal hearing. Up to 3 out of 1,000 newborns have a moderate or severe hearing impairment. Although these children hear a little worse than normal, most of them are not deaf. Without early hearing tests, hearing problems are often first detected when a child is between two and four years old. But hearing tests in newborns cannot detect hearing impairments in all children because some hearing impairments only develop later on in childhood.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: March 12, 2014

Autoinflation for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion (glue ear)

Otitis media with effusion (OME) or 'glue ear' is very common in children and the hearing loss and discomfort, especially where the effusion is bilateral and long‐lasting, may lead to problems with language, development and behaviour. There are a number of treatment options including steroids, antibiotics, decongestants, antihistamines and surgery (the insertion of grommets (ventilation tubes)). Grommet insertion is one of the commonest operations of childhood. The best treatment strategy remains controversial, however, as glue ear often resolves spontaneously within a few months.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Interventions to prevent hearing loss caused by noise at work

We found one study that showed that noise levels decreased after the implementation of stricter legislation in the mining industry. Even though case studies show that substantial reductions in noise levels in workplaces can be achieved, there were no further reports of controlled studies that this can be implemented and maintained at a larger scale.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

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