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A gland located on each kidney that secretes hormones regulating metabolism, sexual function, water balance, and stress.

Results: 13

Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: June 10, 2014

How does the pituitary gland work?

The pituitary gland (hypophysis) controls important body functions and the hormonal system. It is a protrusion at the base of the brain and about the size of a pea or cherry, which is why it is called “hypophysis” (Greek for “growth attached below”). The gland lies well protected in a small cavity of the cranial bones, level with the nose, and in the middle of the head.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: April 26, 2011

Adrenocortical Carcinoma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: June 10, 2014

Neuroblastoma Screening (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about tests used to detect or screen for neuroblastoma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 2, 2014

Treatments to fight fungal infections which cause allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in people with cystic fibrosis

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an allergic lung reaction to a type of fungus (usually Aspergillus fumigatus) in some people with cystic fibrosis. It causes cough and wheezing and sometimes fever. If left untreated it can lead to chronic lung damage. ABPA is usually treated with a high dose of corticosteroids (also known as steroids). However, it has not been proved that corticosteroids can prevent lung function deteriorating in the long term. Also, long‐term use of these drugs is linked to some serious side effects. Treating the fungus which causes ABPA may be an alternative to using high doses of steroids to combat the allergic reaction. No trials were found which we could include in the review. There are trials in people without cystic fibrosis which have shown that if treatment is given to reduce the fungus, the steroid dose can be reduced with no adverse effects. However, in one CF centre researchers observed that when treated with an anti‐fungal agent in addition to steroids, several people became unable to produce enough cortisol (a hormone) in their adrenal glands in response to stress. There is not enough evidence for us to recommend the use of antifungal drugs in people with CF and ABPA. There should be a trial of these drugs to assess their effects in the long and the short term.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Intra‐articular glucocorticoids for acute gout

This summary of a Cochrane review presents what we know from research about the effect of glucocorticoid injections (into affected joints) in people with acute gout. There were no trials that met our inclusion criteria, and no trials measuring the effect on pain, inflammation, the number of withdrawals due to adverse events, function, quality of life, treatment success and serious adverse events. Studies of glucocorticoid injections in other conditions that lead to joint pain suggest that this therapy may be well tolerated, relatively safe and effective in relieving pain.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Unusual Cancers of Childhood (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of unusual cancers of childhood such as cancers of the head and neck, chest, abdomen, reproductive system, skin, and others.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: August 15, 2014

Neuroblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of childhood neuroblastoma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: June 5, 2014

Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of prostate cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 2, 2014

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: June 30, 2014

Pituitary Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of pituitary tumors.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: June 10, 2014

Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of adult Hodgkin lymphoma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: April 23, 2014

Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of Wilms tumor.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 22, 2014

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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