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Treats acid indigestion and upset stomach. Also used as a mineral supplement to add to the magnesium oxide in your daily diet.

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Results: 1 to 20 of 32

[Long-term clinical results of VITA In-Ceram Classic: a systematic review]

Bibliographic details: Kaiser M, Wasserman A, Strub J R.  [Long-term clinical results of VITA In-Ceram Classic: a systematic review]. [Klinische Langzeitresultate von VITA In-Ceram Classic: eine systematische Ubersichtsarbeit.] Schweizerische Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin. Revue Mensuelle Suisse d'Odonto-Stomatologie. Rivista Mensile Svizzera di Odontologia e Stomatologia 2006; 116(2): 120-128

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2006

Nitric oxide donors for the treatment of preterm labour

Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks) increases the baby's risk of death or disability. Several drugs are available to try and slow down labour so that corticosteroid drugs can be given to help the baby's lungs mature quickly. Nitric oxide donors (glyceryl trinitrate) are drugs that may slow down contractions. They can cause headaches, low blood pressure and increased heart rate for the mother, but they might cause fewer problems than some of the other options. This review gathered the evidence on nitric oxide donors compared with no treatment and compared with other drugs to inhibit preterm labour.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Magnesium sulfate for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

The blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs (pulmonary arteries) is normally much lower than the blood pressure in the rest of the body. Before a baby is born the muscle surrounding the pulmonary arteries is tightly constricted resulting in a very high pressure in these arteries. After birth the arteries dilate and the pressure drops. In persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn this drop in pulmonary blood pressure, for a variety of reasons, fails to occur.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2010

There is not enough high quality evidence to show that dietary magnesium supplementation during pregnancy is beneficial

Many women, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, have intakes of magnesium below recommended levels. Magnesium supplementation during pregnancy may be able to reduce growth restriction of the fetus and pre‐eclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine during pregnancy), and increase birthweight. This review aimed to assess the effects of magnesium supplementation during pregnancy on maternal, neonatal and paediatric outcomes.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Alcohol Use Disorders: Diagnosis and Clinical Management of Alcohol-Related Physical Complications [Internet]

Alcohol is the most widely used psychotropic drug in the industrialised world; it has been used for thousands of years as a social lubricant and anxiolytic. In the UK, it is estimated that 24% of adult men and 13% of adult women drink in a hazardous or harmful way. Levels of hazardous and harmful drinking are lowest in the central and eastern regions of England (21–24% of men and 10–14% of women). They are highest in the north (26–28% of men, 16–18% of women). Hazardous and harmful drinking are commonly encountered amongst hospital attendees; 12% of emergency department attendances are directly related to alcohol whilst 20% of patients admitted to hospital for illnesses unrelated to alcohol are drinking at potentially hazardous levels. Continued hazardous and harmful drinking can result in dependence and tolerance with the consequence that an abrupt reduction in intake might result in development of a withdrawal syndrome. In addition, persistent drinking at hazardous and harmful levels can also result in damage to almost every organ or system of the body. Alcohol-attributable conditions include liver damage, pancreatitis and the Wernicke’s encephalopathy. Key areas in the investigation and management of these conditions are covered in this guideline.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).

Version: 2010
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Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer: A Systematic Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [Internet]

In the United States, dietary supplements are commonly used to prevent chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer.

Evidence Syntheses - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: November 2013
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Constipation in Children and Young People: Diagnosis and Management of Idiopathic Childhood Constipation in Primary and Secondary Care

Without early diagnosis and treatment, an acute episode of constipation can lead to anal fissure and become chronic. By the time the child or young person is seen they may be in a vicious cycle. Children and young people and their families are often given conflicting advice and practice is inconsistent, making treatment potentially less effective and frustrating for all concerned. Early identification of constipation and effective treatment can improve outcomes for children and young people. This guideline provides strategies based on the best available evidence to support early identification, positive diagnosis and timely, effective management. Implementation of this guideline will provide a consistent, coordinated approach and will improve outcomes for children and young people.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: 2010
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Herbs, vitamins and minerals in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review

The review found that among herbs, vitamins and minerals used to treat premenstrual syndrome, only calcium had good evidence of effectiveness. The authors noted that more research was required. In view of a suboptimal literature search, limited evidence base and questionable quality of the included studies, the authors? conclusions require cautious interpretation.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2009

Vitex agnus-castus extracts for female reproductive disorders: a systematic review of clinical trials

Vitex agnus-castus L. (chaste tree; chasteberry) is a popular herbal treatment, predominantly used for a range of female reproductive conditions in Anglo-American and European practice. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence for the efficacy and safety of Vitex extracts from randomised, controlled trials investigating women's health.Eight databases were searched using Latin and common names for Vitex and phytotherapeutic preparations of the herb as a sole agent, together with filters for randomised, controlled trials or clinical trials. Methodological quality was assessed according to the Cochrane risk of bias and Jadad scales, as well as the proposed elaboration of CONSORT for reporting trials on herbal interventions.Thirteen randomised, controlled trials were identified and twelve are included in this review, of which eight investigated premenstrual syndrome, two premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and two latent hyperprolactinaemia. For premenstrual syndrome, seven of eight trials found Vitex extracts to be superior to placebo (5 of 6 studies), pyridoxine (1), and magnesium oxide (1). In premenstrual dysphoric disorder, one study reported Vitex to be equivalent to fluoxetine, while in the other, fluoxetine outperformed Vitex. In latent hyperprolactinaemia, one trial reported it to be superior to placebo for reducing TRH-stimulated prolactin secretion, normalising a shortened luteal phase, increasing mid-luteal progesterone and 17β-oestradiol levels, while the other found Vitex comparable to bromocriptine for reducing serum prolactin levels and ameliorating cyclic mastalgia. Adverse events with Vitex were mild and generally infrequent. The methodological quality of the included studies varied, but was generally moderate-to-high. Limitations include small sample sizes in some studies, heterogeneity of conditions being treated, and a range of reference treatments.Despite some methodological limitations, the results from randomised, controlled trials to date suggest benefits for Vitex extracts in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual dysphoric disorder and latent hyperprolactinaemia. Further research is recommended, and greater transparency in reporting for future trials.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2013

Infection: Prevention and Control of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Primary and Community Care: Partial Update of NICE Clinical Guideline 2

Since the publication of the NICE clinical guideline on the prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) in primary and community care in 2003, many changes have occurred within the NHS that place the patient firmly at the centre of all activities. First, the NHS Constitution for England defines the rights and pledges that every patient can expect regarding their care. To support this, the Care Quality Commission (CQC), the independent regulator of all health and adult social care in England, ensures that health and social care is safe, and monitors how providers comply with established standards. In addition, the legal framework that underpins the guidance has changed since 2003.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).

Version: March 2012
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Migraine in Children: Preventive Pharmacologic Treatments [Internet]

To assess the comparative effectiveness and safety of preventive pharmacologic treatments for community-dwelling children with episodic or chronic migraine.

Comparative Effectiveness Reviews - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: June 2013
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Gastrointestinal Complications (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about constipation, impaction, bowel obstruction, and diarrhea as complications of cancer or its treatment. The management of these problems is discussed.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: September 10, 2013

Dyspepsia: Managing Dyspepsia in Adults in Primary Care

This national guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for the primary care management of dyspepsia symptoms and underlying causes in adults. It was developed for use by the National Health Service in England and Wales. NHS healthcare professionals, patient representatives and researchers developed this guideline, incorporating comments received from referees and from an extensive national stakeholder consultation.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - North of England Dyspepsia Guideline Development Group (UK).

Version: August 1, 2004
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Hypertension in Pregnancy: The Management of Hypertensive Disorders During Pregnancy

This clinical guideline concerns the management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and their complications from preconception to the postnatal period. For the purpose of this guideline, ‘pregnancy’ includes the antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum (6 weeks after birth) periods. The guideline has been developed with the aim of providing guidance in the following areas: information and advice for women who have chronic hypertension and are pregnant or planning to become pregnant; information and advice for women who are pregnant and at increased risk of developing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy; management of pregnancy with chronic hypertension; management of pregnancy in women with gestational hypertension; management of pregnancy for women with pre-eclampsia before admission to critical care level 2 setting; management of pre-eclampsia and its complications in a critical care setting; information, advice and support for women and healthcare professionals after discharge to primary care following a pregnancy complicated by hypertension; care of the fetus during pregnancy complicated by a hypertensive disorder.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: August 2010
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Acute Migraine Treatment in Emergency Settings [Internet]

To compare the effectiveness and safety of parenteral pharmacological interventions to treat migraine headaches in adults presenting to the emergency department (ED).

Comparative Effectiveness Reviews - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: November 2012
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Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Screening, Management, and Treatment [Internet]

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and progressive disease associated with increased pulmonary vascular resistance that, if unrelieved, progresses to right ventricular pressure overload, dysfunction, right heart failure, and premature death. PAH is more prevalent in some populations, thereby warranting screening of asymptomatic individuals. This review seeks to evaluate the comparative validity, reliability, and feasibility of echocardiography and biomarker testing for the screening, diagnosis, and management of PAH; to clarify whether the use of echocardiography or biomarkers affects decisionmaking and clinical outcomes; and to determine which medications are effective for treating PAH and whether combination therapy is more effective than monotherapy.

Comparative Effectiveness Reviews - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: April 2013
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Milk Thistle (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the use of milk thistle as a treatment for people with cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: December 23, 2013

Induction of Labour

The purpose of this guideline is to review all aspects of the methodology of induction of labour and the appropriateness of different approaches in the various clinical circumstances that may call for such an intervention.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: July 2008

Lactose Intolerance and Health

We systematically reviewed evidence to determine lactose intolerance (LI) prevalence, bone health after dairy-exclusion diets, tolerable dose of lactose in subjects with diagnosed LI, and management.

Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: February 2010
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Delirium: Diagnosis, Prevention and Management [Internet]

This guideline covers adult patients (18 years and older) in a hospital setting and adults (18 and older) in long-term residential care. The guideline addresses: modifiable risk factors (‘clinical factors’) to identify people at risk of developing delirium; diagnosis of delirium in acute, critical and long-term care; as well as pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for a) reducing the incidence of delirium and its consequences, and b) to reduce the severity, duration and consequences of delirium in people who develop the condition.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).

Version: July 2010
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Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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