Home > Search Results

UsesSide effectsLatest evidence reviewsResearch summaries for consumersBrand names

Results: 10

Chemoprophylaxis in contacts of patients with cholera: systematic review and meta-analysis

INTRODUCTION: There is a pressing need for effective measures to prevent the spread of cholera. Our systematic review assesses the effects of chemoprophylaxis in preventing cholera among exposed contacts.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2011

Vaccines for the prevention of diarrhea due to cholera, shigella, ETEC and rotavirus

BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is a leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years along with its long-term impact on growth and cognitive development. Despite advances in the understanding of diarrheal disorders and management strategies, globally nearly 750,000 children die annually as a consequence of diarrhea.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2013

Killed whole cell or other inactive subunit vaccines (injected) for preventing cholera

Cholera is an acute gastroenteritis caused by Vibrio cholerae. Infection causes profuse watery diarrhoea, and up to 40% of patients die if untreated. Cholera was a major cause of death in many countries in the past; epidemics are now less common, but cholera remains an important cause of death in developing countries, especially in Africa.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2010

Oral vaccines for preventing cholera

Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of oral vaccines for preventing cholera. After searching for relevant studies, they identified 48 relevant articles. Their findings are summarized below.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2011

Vaccines for women to prevent neonatal tetanus

Neonatal tetanus is an infection causing rigidity, muscle spasm and often death in newborn babies. It is quite common in income‐poor countries and comes from insufficient protection being passed from mother to baby in utero together with infection entering into the baby through the umbilical cord stump.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Vaccines for preventing diarrhoea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli bacteria

Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) is a type of bacteria that can infect both children and adults, causing diarrhoea. In particular, it affects people in developing countries. However, it is also a major cause of 'travellers' diarrhoea' in people visiting or returning from regions where this infection is common. It is transmitted from person to person by eating or drinking unclean food or water. Typically it causes watery diarrhoea, with abdominal pains and vomiting, that can last for several days. Vaccines are being considered as a way to prevent diarrhoea caused by ETEC bacteria. ETEC bacteria share some similarities with the bacteria that cause cholera. In this review, we examined the effectiveness of either vaccines designed to prevent cholera or vaccines designed specifically to prevent ETEC infection for preventing ETEC diarrhoea. We compared these vaccines against the use of a control vaccine (either an inert vaccine or a vaccine normally given to prevent an unrelated infection), no intervention, an alternative ETEC vaccine, or a different dose or schedule of the same ETEC vaccine.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Antenatal Care: Routine Care for the Healthy Pregnant Woman

The original antenatal care guideline was published by NICE in 2003. Since then a number of important pieces of evidence have become available, particularly concerning gestational diabetes, haemoglobinopathy and ultrasound, so that the update was initiated. This update has also provided an opportunity to look at a number of aspects of antenatal care: the development of a method to assess women for whom additional care is necessary (the ‘antenatal assessment tool’), information giving to women, lifestyle (vitamin D supplementation, alcohol consumption), screening for the baby (use of ultrasound for gestational age assessment and screening for fetal abnormalities, methods for determining normal fetal growth, placenta praevia), and screening for the mother (haemoglobinopathy screening, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and preterm labour, chlamydia).

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: March 2008
Show search results within this document

Childhood Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the use of hematopoietic cell transplantation in treating childhood cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: April 9, 2015

Diarrhoea and Vomiting Caused by Gastroenteritis: Diagnosis, Assessment and Management in Children Younger than 5 Years

When young children suddenly experience the onset of diarrhoea, with or without vomiting, infective gastroenteritis is by far the most common explanation. A range of enteric viruses, bacteria and protozoal pathogens may be responsible. Viral infections account for most cases in the developed world. Gastroenteritis is very common, with many infants and young children experiencing more than one episode in a year.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: April 2009
Show search results within this document

Lactose Intolerance and Health

We systematically reviewed evidence to determine lactose intolerance (LI) prevalence, bone health after dairy-exclusion diets, tolerable dose of lactose in subjects with diagnosed LI, and management.

Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: February 2010
Show search results within this document

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

See all (16)...

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...