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Cholecystectomy

An operation to remove the gallbladder.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)

About Cholecystectomy

Surgery to remove the gallbladder, called cholecystectomy, is one of the most common operations performed on adults in the United States.

The gallbladder is not an essential organ, which means a person can live normally without a gallbladder. Once the gallbladder is removed, bile flows out of the liver through the hepatic and common bile ducts and directly into the duodenum, instead of being stored in the gallbladder.

Surgeons perform two types of cholecystectomy:

NIH - National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Small‐incision cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy seem equivalent considering complications, but small‐incision cholecystectomy is associated with a shorter hospital stay

The classical open cholecystectomy and the minimally invasive small‐incision cholecystectomy are two alternative operations for removal of the gallbladder. There seem to be no significant differences in mortality and complications between these two techniques. Hospital stay is shorter using the small‐incision operation. This review shows that the small‐incision and open cholecystectomy should be considered equal, apart from a shorter hospital stay using the small‐incision technique.

Laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy seem equivalent considering complications and operative time, but laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with quicker recovery

The classical open cholecystectomy and the minimally invasive laparoscopic cholecystectomy are two alternative operations for removal of the gallbladder. There are no significant differences in mortality and complications between the laparoscopic and the open techniques. The laparoscopic operation has advantages over the open operation regarding duration of hospital stay and convalescence.

Laparoscopic and small‐incision cholecystectomy seem equivalent in complications and recovery, but small‐incision cholecystectomy is quicker to perform

The laparoscopic and the small‐incision cholecystectomy are two alternative minimally invasive techniques for removal of the gallbladder. There are no significant differences in mortality and complications between the two minimal invasive procedures. The laparoscopic and the small‐incision operation should be considered equal apart from a quicker operative time using the small‐incision technique. The complications in both techniques are common.

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Summaries for consumers

Small‐incision cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy seem equivalent considering complications, but small‐incision cholecystectomy is associated with a shorter hospital stay

The classical open cholecystectomy and the minimally invasive small‐incision cholecystectomy are two alternative operations for removal of the gallbladder. There seem to be no significant differences in mortality and complications between these two techniques. Hospital stay is shorter using the small‐incision operation. This review shows that the small‐incision and open cholecystectomy should be considered equal, apart from a shorter hospital stay using the small‐incision technique.

Laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy seem equivalent considering complications and operative time, but laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with quicker recovery

The classical open cholecystectomy and the minimally invasive laparoscopic cholecystectomy are two alternative operations for removal of the gallbladder. There are no significant differences in mortality and complications between the laparoscopic and the open techniques. The laparoscopic operation has advantages over the open operation regarding duration of hospital stay and convalescence.

Laparoscopic and small‐incision cholecystectomy seem equivalent in complications and recovery, but small‐incision cholecystectomy is quicker to perform

The laparoscopic and the small‐incision cholecystectomy are two alternative minimally invasive techniques for removal of the gallbladder. There are no significant differences in mortality and complications between the two minimal invasive procedures. The laparoscopic and the small‐incision operation should be considered equal apart from a quicker operative time using the small‐incision technique. The complications in both techniques are common.

See all (39)

More about Cholecystectomy

Photo of an adult

Other terms to know:
Cholecystitis, Gallbladder, Laparoscopic Surgery (Keyhole Surgery)

Related articles:
How the Gallbladder Works

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