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Fibromyalgia

Chronic widespread pain and a heightened and painful response to pressure. Other symptoms include debilitating fatigue, sleep disturbance, and joint stiffness.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: Wikipedia)

About Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia syndrome is a common and chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain, diffuse tenderness, and a number of other symptoms. The word "fibromyalgia" comes from the Latin term for fibrous tissue (fibro) and the Greek ones for muscle (myo) and pain (algia).

Although fibromyalgia is often considered an arthritis-related condition, it is not truly a form of arthritis (a disease of the joints) because it does not cause inflammation or damage to the joints, muscles, or other tissues.

Like arthritis, however, fibromyalgia can cause significant pain and fatigue, and it can interfere with a person's ability to carry on daily activities.

Also like arthritis, fibromyalgia is considered a rheumatic condition, a medical condition that impairs the joints and/or soft tissues and causes chronic pain...Read more about Fibromyalgia NIH - National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

A systematic review of neurofeedback as a treatment for fibromyalgia syndrome symptoms

Bibliographic details: Santoro M, Cronan T.  A systematic review of neurofeedback as a treatment for fibromyalgia syndrome symptoms. Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain 2014; 22(3): 286-300

[Development of an exercise programme for people with fibromyalgia]

Bibliographic details: van Harten W, Barendrecht M.  [Development of an exercise programme for people with fibromyalgia]. [De ontwikkeling van een wetenschappelijk onderbouwd beweegprogramma voor mensen met fibromyalgie.] Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Fysiotherapie 2012; 122(1): 17-27 Available from: http://www.fysionet.nl/producten-diensten/ntvf.html

[Effects of exercise on sleep of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: systematic review]

Bibliographic details: de Azevedo Klumb Steffens R, Andrade A, Grisard F, Hech Dominski F, de Orleans Casagrande Pedro.  [Effects of exercise on sleep of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: systematic review]. [Efeitos dos exercicios físicos no sono de pacientes com sindrome da fibromialgia: revisao sistematica.] ConScientiae Saude 2014; 13 (2): 298-304 Available from: http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/929/92931451019.pdf

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Summaries for consumers

Comparing Fibromyalgia Drugs

How do drugs for fibromyalgia compare in improving symptoms?

Comparing Antiepileptics for Bipolar Disorder, Migraines, Fibromyalgia, and Chronic Pain

How do antiepileptics compare in treating bipolar disorder?

Clonazepam for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults

Nerves which have been damaged by injury or disease can continue to produce pain. This type of pain is called neuropathic pain. Some antiepileptic medications can help neuropathic pain. Clonazepam is an antiepileptic medication, and the aim of this review was to assess how effective clonazepam is for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia. We identified no good quality studies of clonazepam used in this situation. Dependence and tolerance may occur with prolonged use, although it is less of a problem with clonazepam than many other drugs from the same class (benzodiazepines), and behavioural disinhibition has been reported in a few patients with psychiatric problems. Based on current evidence, clonazepam cannot be recommended for treating neuropathic pain. Other antiepileptic drugs such as pregabalin, gabapentin, and carbamazepine have been shown to be of value in neuropathic pain.

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More about Fibromyalgia

Photo of an adult

Also called: Fibromyalgia syndrome, FMS

Other terms to know:
Muscle Ache (Myalgia)

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