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Rosacea

A chronic dermatitis characterized by redness, flushing, pustules and papules on the face.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

About Rosacea

Red patches of skin on your face, and tiny visible blood vessels and spots — these can be quite common symptoms. They may be caused by rosacea, a common facial skin inflammation.

Skin diseases can be difficult to cope with, and they often affect people's self-confidence and wellbeing. But if you have rosacea, there is a lot you can do on your own.

Symptoms

Rosacea is a non-contagious inflammation of the skin on the face which can last for many years. It often develops into a rash, with papules and pustules (red and yellow pimples) and spidery red veins. It comes and goes in bouts. Sometimes the symptoms get worse and sometimes they get better or go away on their own... Read more about Rosacea

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Azelaic acid in the treatment of papulopustular rosacea: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

The authors concluded that topical azelaic acid was an effective treatment for papulopustular rosacea, and was as effective as metronidazole. This was generally a well-conducted review. However, the conclusion about the relative efficacy of azelaic acid and metronidazole was not based on studies included in this review, and its reliability is therefore unclear.

Treatments for rosacea

Rosacea is a common skin condition causing flushing, redness, red pimples and pustules on the face, and should not be confused with acne. Dilated blood vessels may appear near the surface of the skin (telangiectasia). It can also cause inflammation of the eyes or eyelids, or both (ocular rosacea). Some people can develop a thickening of the skin, especially of the nose (rhinophyma). Although the cause of rosacea remains unclear, a wide variety of treatments are available for this persistent (chronic) and recurring and often distressing disease. These include medications applied directly to the skin (topical), oral medications and light‐based therapies. We wanted to discover how people assessed their treatments: if the treatments changed their quality of life, if they saw changes in their condition and if there were side effects. From the doctors, we wanted to discover whether treatments changed the severity of rosacea, as well as how long it took before symptoms reduced and reappeared.

The efficacy of pulsed dye laser treatment for inflammatory skin diseases: a systematic review

BACKGROUND: The position of the pulsed dye laser (PDL) in the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases is still unclear. Evidence-based recommendations are lacking.

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Summaries for consumers

Rosacea diary

One way to find out what is causing rosacea outbreaks is to keep a diary for a few weeks or months. Here you can find a diary that you can print for your own use:You can use a rosacea diary to keep track of the following things:What cosmetic products did you use on your face today?Did you use your medication today?NoYes – If yes: what medication?How severe is your rosacea today?No symptomsMild symptomsSevere outbreakGetting betterNo changesGetting worse

Which rosacea medications are proven to be effective?

Skin creams containing metronidazole or azelaic acid can help relieve the symptoms of rosacea like skin redness. The same is probably true for medications containing the antibiotic doxycycline.

Rosacea: Overview

Red patches of skin on your face, and tiny visible blood vessels and spots – these can be quite common symptoms. They may be caused by rosacea, a common facial skin inflammation. Learn about what can help relieve rosacea symptoms and how to detect possible triggers of rosacea outbreaks.

See all (5)

Terms to know

Erythema
Redness of the skin.
Papules
A small, solid, raised bump on the skin that has a border with edges that are easy to see. Papules may be red, purple, brown, or pink.
Pustules
A pimple filled with pus.
Rhinophyma
Rhinophyma is a large, bulbous, ruddy nose commonly due to untreated rosacea.

More about Rosacea

Photo of an adult

Also called: Acne rosacea

Other terms to know: See all 4
Erythema, Papules, Pustules

Related articles:
Rosacea Diary

Keep up with systematic reviews on Rosacea:

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