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Brain Tumors

The growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

About Brain Tumors

Adult Brain Tumors

An adult brain tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain.

There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors. The tumors are formed by the abnormal growth of cells and may begin in different parts of the brain or spinal cord. Together, the brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system (CNS).

The tumors may be either benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer):...Read more about Adult Brain Tumors

Childhood Brain Tumors

A childhood brain or spinal cord tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain or spinal cord.

There are many types of childhood brain and spinal cord tumors. The tumors are formed by the abnormal growth of cells and may begin in different areas of the brain or spinal cord....Read more about Childhood Brain Tumors

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Laser interstitial thermal therapy with and without MRI guidance for treatment of brain neoplasms a systematic review of the literature

Bibliographic details: Voigt JD, Torchia M.  Laser interstitial thermal therapy with and without MRI guidance for treatment of brain neoplasms a systematic review of the literature. Photonics and Lasers in Medicine 2014; 3(2): 77-93

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy for brain tumors

Bibliographic details: Jordan H S, Bert R B, Chew P, Kupelnick B, Lau J.  Magnetic resonance spectroscopy for brain tumors. Rockville, MD, USA: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Technology Assessment. 2003 Available from: http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/techix.htm

Seizure prophylaxis in patients with brain tumors: a meta-analysis

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) should be prescribed to patients with brain tumors who have no history of seizures.

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Summaries for consumers

Adult Brain Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of adult brain tumors.

Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of various childhood brain tumors.

Surgical sampling or removal of low‐grade glioma brain tumors

Low‐grade gliomas (LGG) are slow growing, less aggressive brain tumors.

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Terms to know

Brain
The part of the central nervous system that is contained within the skull (cranium).
Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm)
A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.
Neoplasm (Tumor)
An abnormal mass of tissue that results when cells divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Neoplasms may be benign (not cancer), or malignant (cancer). Also called tumor.
Spinal Cord
A column of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull down the back. It is surrounded by three protective membranes, and is enclosed within the vertebrae (back bones). The spinal cord and the brain make up the central nervous system, and spinal cord nerves carry most messages between the brain and the rest of the body.

More about Brain Tumors

Photo of an adult woman

Also called: Brain tumours, Tumours of the brain, Neoplasms of the brain, Tumors of the brain

Other terms to know: See all 4
Brain, Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm), Neoplasm (Tumor)

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