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Ovarian Cancer

Cancer that forms in tissues of the ovary (one of a pair of female reproductive glands in which the ova, or eggs, are formed). NIH - National Cancer Institute

Types of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

Ovarian epithelial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissue covering the ovary.

The ovaries are a pair of organs in the female reproductive system. They are in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus (the hollow, pear-shaped organ....Read more about Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Ovarian germ cell tumor is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the germ (egg) cells of the ovary.

Germ cell tumors begin in the reproductive cells (egg or sperm) of the body. Ovarian germ cell tumors usually occur in teenage girls or young women....Read more about Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors

Ovarian low malignant potential tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissue covering the ovary.

Ovarian low malignant potential tumors have abnormal cells that may become cancer, but usually do not. This disease usually remains in the ovary. When disease is found in one ovary, the other ovary....Read more about Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Topotecan for recurrent ovarian cancer: a systemic review

Bibliographic details: Pei H Y, Fang F, Wu T X.  Topotecan for recurrent ovarian cancer: a systemic review. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2006; 6(10): 733-742

A systematic review of maintenance radiotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer

Bibliographic details: Mei L, Wei DM, Fang F.  A systematic review of maintenance radiotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2010; 10(6): 724-729

Venous Thromboembolism: Reducing the Risk of Venous Thromboembolism (Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism) in Patients Admitted to Hospital

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a term used to include the formation of a blood clot (a thrombus) in a vein which may dislodge from its site of origin to travel in the blood, a phenomenon called embolism. A thrombus most commonly occurs in the deep veins of the legs; this is called deep vein thrombosis. A dislodged thrombus that travels to the lungs is known as a pulmonary embolism.

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Summaries for consumers

Ovarian cancer: Can a PET scan improve treatment?

Positron emission tomography (PET) alone or PET in combination with computed tomography (PET/CT) can detect recurrence of ovarian cancer more reliably than conventional tests and examinations. It is unclear, however, whether PET and PET/CT do indeed lead to better treatment of women with ovarian cancer.

Ovarian Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about tests used to detect or screen for ovarian cancer.

Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of ovarian low-malignant potential tumors.

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Terms to know

Carcinoma
Carcinoma is a cancer found in body tissues that cover or line surfaces of organs, glands, or body structures.
Epithelium
A thin layer of tissue that covers organs, glands, and other structures within the body.
Gamete (Germ Cell)
An egg (in the female) or sperm (in the male) cell.
Hormones
A chemical produced in one part of the body and released into the blood to trigger or regulate particular functions of the body. For example, insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas that tells other cells when to use glucose for energy. Synthetic hormones, made for use as medicines, can be the same or different from those made in the body.
Ovaries
The ovaries are a pair of female reproductive glands in which the ova, or eggs, are formed. The ovaries are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus.

More about Ovarian Cancer

Photo of an adult woman

Also called: Malignant tumour of the ovary, Cancer of the ovary, Malignant tumor of the ovary

Other terms to know: See all 5
Carcinoma, Epithelium, Gamete (Germ Cell)

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