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Ovarian Cancer

Cancer that forms in tissues of the ovary (one of a pair of female reproductive glands in which the ova, or eggs, are formed). NIH - National Cancer Institute

Types of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

Ovarian epithelial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissue covering the ovary.

The ovaries are a pair of organs in the female reproductive system. They are in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus (the hollow, pear-shaped organ....Read more about Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Ovarian germ cell tumor is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the germ (egg) cells of the ovary.

Germ cell tumors begin in the reproductive cells (egg or sperm) of the body. Ovarian germ cell tumors usually occur in teenage girls or young women....Read more about Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors

Ovarian low malignant potential tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissue covering the ovary.

Ovarian low malignant potential tumors have abnormal cells that may become cancer, but usually do not. This disease usually remains in the ovary. When disease is found in one ovary, the other ovary....Read more about Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Topotecan for recurrent ovarian cancer: a systemic review

Bibliographic details: Pei H Y, Fang F, Wu T X.  Topotecan for recurrent ovarian cancer: a systemic review. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2006; 6(10): 733-742

A systematic review of maintenance radiotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer

Bibliographic details: Mei L, Wei DM, Fang F.  A systematic review of maintenance radiotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2010; 10(6): 724-729

Primaer behandling av ovarialcancer [Primary treatment of ovarian cancer]

Bibliographic details: Ekanger R, Hagen B, Himmelmann A, Iversen O E, Iverson T, Lyngstadaas A, Nordal R, Norheim O F, Onsrud M, Tretli S, Trope C.  Primaer behandling av ovarialcancer [Primary treatment of ovarian cancer]. Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Centre for Health Technology Assessment (SMM). SMM Report; 5/2003. 2003

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Summaries for consumers

Ovarian Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about tests used to detect or screen for ovarian cancer.

Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of ovarian low-malignant potential tumors.

Ovarian Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about factors that may influence the risk of developing ovarian cancer and about research aimed at the prevention of this disease.

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Terms to know

Carcinoma
Carcinoma is a cancer found in body tissues that cover or line surfaces of organs, glands, or body structures.
Epithelium
A thin layer of tissue that covers organs, glands, and other structures within the body.
Gamete (Germ Cell)
An egg (in the female) or sperm (in the male) cell.
Hormones
A chemical produced in one part of the body and released into the blood to trigger or regulate particular functions of the body. For example, insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas that tells other cells when to use glucose for energy. Synthetic hormones, made for use as medicines, can be the same or different from those made in the body.
Ovaries
The ovaries are a pair of female reproductive glands in which the ova, or eggs, are formed. The ovaries are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus.

More about Ovarian Cancer

Photo of an adult woman

Also called: Malignant tumour of the ovary, Cancer of the ovary, Malignant tumor of the ovary

Other terms to know: See all 5
Carcinoma, Epithelium, Gamete (Germ Cell)

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