Home > Health A – Z > Asbestosis

Asbestosis

A lung disease caused by breathing in particles of asbestos (a group of minerals that take the form of tiny fibers). Symptoms include coughing, trouble breathing, and chest pain caused by scarring and permanent damage to lung tissue.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

About Asbestosis

In this condition, the lung tissue becomes scarred. People who have asbestosis are at greater risk for lung cancer, especially if they smoke. NIH - National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Preoperative Tests: The Use of Routine Preoperative Tests for Elective Surgery

The guideline is aimed mainly at secondary care, but may have relevance to some tests carried out or ordered in primary care. The preoperative tests considered are for the preoperative assessment of patients classified as ASA grade 1 (adults and children) and ASA grades 2 and 3 (adults only) undergoing elective surgery. The preoperative tests to be considered were agreed at scoping meetings with the Guieline Development Group and include: chest x-ray, resting ECG, full blood count, haemostasis tests, renal function tests, blood glucose test, urine 'dipstick' test, sickle cell test, pregnancy test, blood gases (phase B only), pulmonary function tests (phase B only) .

Terms to know

Cough
A cough is a natural reflex that protects your lungs. Coughing helps clear your airways of lung irritants, such as smoke and mucus (a slimy substance).
Lung Cancer
Cancer that forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. The two main types are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. These types are diagnosed based on how the cells look under a microscope.
Lungs
One of a pair of organs in the chest that supplies the body with oxygen, and removes carbon dioxide from the body.
Pulmonary
Having to do with the lungs.
Tissue
A group of cells that act together to carry out a specific function in the body. Examples include muscle tissue, nervous system tissue (including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves), and connective tissue (including ligaments, tendons, bones, and fat). Organs are made up of tissues.

More about Asbestosis

Photo of an adult man

Also called: Amianthosis, Asbestos pneumoconiosis, Pulmonary asbestosis

Other terms to know: See all 5
Cough, Lung Cancer, Lungs

Keep up with systematic reviews on Asbestosis:

RSS

PubMed Health Blog...

read all...