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Colon Polyp

An abnormal growth of tissue in the lining of the bowel. Polyps are a risk factor for colon cancer.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

Terms to know

Ascending Colon
The beginning part of the colon, usually on the right side of the abdomen.
Cecum
A pouch that forms the first part of the large intestine. It connects the small intestine to the colon, which is part of the large intestine.
Colon (Bowel)
The longest part of the large intestine, which is a tube-like organ connected to the small intestine at one end and the anus at the other. The colon removes water and some nutrients and electrolytes from partially digested food. The remaining material, solid waste called stool, moves through the colon to the rectum and leaves the body through the anus.
Colonoscopic Polypectomy (Colon Polyp Removal)
The removal of tumorlike growths called polyps by using a device inserted through a colonoscope.
Colonoscopy
A test to look into the rectum and colon that uses a long, flexible, narrow tube with a light and tiny camera on the end. The tube is called a colonoscope.
Descending Colon
The part of the colon where stool is stored. It is usually located on the left side of the abdomen.
Rectum
The last several inches of the large intestine closest to the anus.
Sigmoid Colon
The S-shaped section of the colon that connects to the rectum.
Transverse Colon
The part of the colon that goes across the abdomen from right to left.

Terms to know

Ascending Colon
The beginning part of the colon, usually on the right side of the abdomen....
Cecum
A pouch that forms the first part of the large intestine. It connects the small intestine to the colon, which...
Colon (Bowel)
The longest part of the large intestine, which is a tube-like organ connected to the small intestine at one e...
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