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Laryngitis

Hoarse voice or the complete loss of the voice because of irritation to the vocal folds (vocal cords).

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Antibiotics to treat adults with acute laryngitis

Cochrane authors reviewed the available evidence from randomised controlled trials on the use of antibiotics for adults with acute laryngitis.

Nasal saline irrigation for acute upper airway infection symptoms

Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) include colds, influenza and infections of the throat, nose or sinuses. They are usually self limiting viral infections, though sometimes symptoms may persist for many weeks beyond the clearance of the initial infection, with or without establishment of secondary bacterial infections. The aim of treatment is predominantly for relief of symptoms, though some treatments may have a role in reducing the duration of post‐viral symptoms, such as cough. Saline nose spray and larger volume nasal washes have become more popular as one of many treatment options for URTIs, and they have been shown to have some effectiveness for chronic sinusitis and following nasal surgery. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the treatment of acute URTI or which symptoms they may be effective for.

Proton pump inhibitor therapy for suspected GERD-related chronic laryngitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

This review compared proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) with placebo for treating suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease-related chronic laryngitis in adults. The authors concluded that PPI therapy had a modest but non significant effect over placebo. This was a well-conducted systematic review and the conclusion appears reliable.

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Summaries for consumers

Antibiotics to treat adults with acute laryngitis

Cochrane authors reviewed the available evidence from randomised controlled trials on the use of antibiotics for adults with acute laryngitis.

Nasal saline irrigation for acute upper airway infection symptoms

Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) include colds, influenza and infections of the throat, nose or sinuses. They are usually self limiting viral infections, though sometimes symptoms may persist for many weeks beyond the clearance of the initial infection, with or without establishment of secondary bacterial infections. The aim of treatment is predominantly for relief of symptoms, though some treatments may have a role in reducing the duration of post‐viral symptoms, such as cough. Saline nose spray and larger volume nasal washes have become more popular as one of many treatment options for URTIs, and they have been shown to have some effectiveness for chronic sinusitis and following nasal surgery. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the treatment of acute URTI or which symptoms they may be effective for.

Heartburn and GERD: Overview

Many people will be familiar with the burning pain that spreads from their upper stomach into their throat, accompanied by a bitter taste in their mouths. In gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), these symptoms are frequent and severe. They may also be accompanied by other symptoms such as problems swallowing, a burning throat and a cough.

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More about Laryngitis

Photo of a young adult

Also called: Laryngeal inflammation

Other terms to know:
Vocal Cords

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