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Upper GI Endoscopy

Looking into the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum with an endoscope. NIH - National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Prokinetics in acute upper GI bleeding: a meta-analysis

This review investigated the effect of prokinetics on the effectiveness of gastroscopy in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The authors concluded that either erythromycin or metoclopramide effectively decreased the need for repeat endoscopy. Although the review was methodologically sound, the limited evidence and poor-quality included studies mean the authors’ conclusions should be treated with caution.

Acupuncture for GI endoscopy: a systematic review

This review assessed the effectiveness of acupuncture for support during gastrointestinal endoscopy. The authors concluded that acupuncture may have an effect similar to conventional premedication but a greater effect than sham acupuncture, but more research is required. The authors' cautious conclusions correctly reflect the limited evidence from a small number of studies of variable quality.

Systematic reviews of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of proton pump inhibitors in acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding: PPI therapy initiated prior to endoscopy

This review found limited evidence that proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy prior to endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding may reduce the incidence of stigmata of recent haemorrhage, but not other outcomes. Despite some concerns about potential differences between studies and the risk of publication bias, the findings of this well-conducted review are likely to be reliable.

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Summaries for consumers

Small Intestine Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of small intestine cancer.

Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors.

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.

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More about Upper GI Endoscopy

Photo of an adult

Also called: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy, Oesphagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD, OGD

Other terms to know:
Duodenum, Esophagus, Stomach

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