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Gastrectomy

An operation to remove all or part of the stomach.

PubMed Health Glossary
(Source: NIH - National Cancer Institute)

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Inserting a drain after gastrectomy for gastric cancer

Gastrectomy remains the primary therapeutic method for resectable gastric cancer. It is believed that abdominal drains can help in the earlier detection and drainage of anastomotic fistulas and the prevention of intra‐abdominal abscesses. There is no consensus on the routine placement of abdominal drainage after gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Meta-analysis of total gastrectomy and splenectomy in advanced gastric cancer

Bibliographic details: Li P, He XD, Tian JH, Yang KH, Jiang L.  Meta-analysis of total gastrectomy and splenectomy in advanced gastric cancer. World Chinese Journal of Digestology 2009; 17(12): 1241-1246

Laparoscopy versus open distal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Bibliographic details: Inokuchi M, Kojima K, Kato K, Sugita H, Sugihara K.  Laparoscopy versus open distal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques 2014; 23: 1-724743677

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Summaries for consumers

Inserting a drain after gastrectomy for gastric cancer

Gastrectomy remains the primary therapeutic method for resectable gastric cancer. It is believed that abdominal drains can help in the earlier detection and drainage of anastomotic fistulas and the prevention of intra‐abdominal abscesses. There is no consensus on the routine placement of abdominal drainage after gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Endoscopic mucosal resection for early stomach cancer

There is a lack of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is compared with surgery for early stomach cancer. There is a need for well‐designed randomised controlled trials to determine the effects of EMR compared to gastrectomy.

Weight-Loss Surgery for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes Who Are at the Lower Levels of Obesity: A Review of the Research for Adults With a BMI Between 30 and 35

This summary will cover: Diabetes and prediabetes and how they are treated BMI and how it is measured How the digestive system works What weight-loss surgery is and an overview of three types of weight-loss surgery: adjustable gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy, and gastric bypass Risks for each type of weight-loss surgery What researchers have found about how well weight-loss surgery works to treat diabetes or prediabetes in people with a BMI between 30 and 35

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More about Gastrectomy

Photo of an adult

Also called: Gastric resection

See Also: Stomach Cancer, Weight Loss Surgery

Other terms to know:
Gastric, Sleeve Gastrectomy

Keep up with systematic reviews on Gastrectomy:

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