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Fondaparinux (Injection)

Treats blood clots and prevents them from forming after hip, knee, or stomach surgery. This medicine is a blood thinner.

What works?

Learn more about the effects of these drugs. The most reliable research is summed up for you in our featured article.

Fondaparinux is used to prevent deep vein thrombosis, a condition in which harmful blood clots form in the blood vessels of the legs. These blood clots can travel to the lungs and can become lodged in the blood vessels of the lungs, causing a condition called pulmonary embolism. This medicine is used for several days after hip fracture surgery, hip or knee replacement surgery, and in some cases… Read more
Brand names include
Arixtra
Drug classes About this
Anticoagulant

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

Antithrombotic drugs in acutely ill medical patients: review and meta-analysis of interventional trials with low-molecular-weight heparin and fondaparinux

Bibliographic details: Loffredo L, Perri L, Catasca E, Del Ben M, Angelico F, Violi F.  Antithrombotic drugs in acutely ill medical patients: review and meta-analysis of interventional trials with low-molecular-weight heparin and fondaparinux. Clinical Practice 2013; 10(5): 615-627

[Efficacy and safety of fondaparinux versus enoxaparin for preventing venous thromboembolism after major orthopedic surgery: a meta-analysis]

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the efficacy and safety of fondaparinux and enoxaparin in the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after major orthopedic surgery.

Pharmacologic and Mechanical Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism Among Special Populations [Internet]

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a prevalent and avoidable complication of hospitalization. Patients hospitalized with trauma, traumatic brain injury, burns, or liver disease; patients on antiplatelet therapy; obese or underweight patients; those having obesity surgery; or with acute or chronic renal failure have unequal risks for bleeding and thrombosis and may benefit differently from prophylactic therapy medication.

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Summaries for consumers

Preventing Blood Clots After Hip or Knee Replacement Surgery or Surgery for a Broken Hip: A Review of the Research for Adults

This summary covers what research says about the possible benefits and side effects of treatments to help prevent a blood clot after hip or knee surgery. Treatment options include medicines that thin your blood and devices that increase blood flow in your legs (leg or foot coverings that inflate and deflate or elastic stockings). This summary can help you discuss these options with your doctor.

Treatment for superficial thrombophlebitis of the leg

Superficial thrombophlebitis (ST) is a relatively common inflammatory process associated with a blood clot (thrombus) that affects the superficial veins. Symptoms and signs include local pain, itching, tenderness, reddening of the skin, and hardening of the surrounding tissue. There is some evidence to suggest an association between ST and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Treatment aims to relieve the local symptoms and to prevent the extension of the clot into a deep vein, ST recurrence, or the development of more serious events caused by VTE.

Blood thinners for the initial treatment of blood clots in patients with cancer

Patients with cancer are at an increased risk of blood clots. The blood thinner (anticoagulant) administered in the first few days can consist of unfractionated heparin (infused intravenously) or low molecular weight heparin (injected subcutaneously once or twice per day). These two blood thinners may have different effectiveness and safety profiles.

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