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Lacosamide

What works?

Learn more about the effects of these drugs. The most reliable research is summed up for you in our featured article.

By mouth

Lacosamide is used together with other medicines to help control partial seizures (convulsions) in the treatment of epilepsy. It acts on the central nervous… Read more

Brand names include: Vimpat

Injection

Lacosamide injection is used to control partial seizures (convulsions) in the treatment of epilepsy. It acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce… Read more

Brand names include: Vimpat

Drug classes About this
Anticonvulsant

What works? Research summarized

Evidence reviews

[Experience with lacosamide in the treatment of status epilepticus]

Bibliographic details: Rantsch K, Pohley I, Benecke R, Rosche J.  [Experience with lacosamide in the treatment of status epilepticus]. [Erfahrungen mit levetiracetam in der behandlung des status epilepticus.] Aktuelle Neurologie 2012; 39(8): 425-428 Available from: https://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0032-1311558

Lacosamide adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures: a meta-analysis

Background. The relative efficacy and safety of lacosamide as adjunctive therapy compared to other antiepileptic drugs has not been well established. Objective. To determine if lacosamide provides improved efficacy and safety, reduced length of hospital stay and improved quality of life compared with other anti-epileptic therapies for adults with partial-onset seizures. Data Sources. A systematic review of the medical literature using Medline (1946-Week 4, 2012), EMBASE (1980-Week 3, 2012), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Issue 1 of 12, January 2012). Additional studies were identified (through to February 7, 2012) by searching bibliographies, the FDA drug approval files, clinical trial registries and major national and international neurology meeting abstracts. No restrictions on publication status or language were applied. Study Selection. Randomized controlled trials of lacosamide in adults with partial-onset seizures were included. Data Extraction. Study selection, extraction and risk of bias assessment were performed independently by two authors. Authors of studies were contacted for missing data. Data Synthesis. All pooled analyses used the random effects model. Results. Three trials (1311 patients) met inclusion criteria. Lacosamide increased the 50% responder rate compared to placebo (RR 1.68 [95% CI 1.36 to 2.08]; I(2) = 0%). Discontinuation due to adverse events was statistically significantly higher in the lacosamide arm (RR3.13 [95% CI 1.94 to 5.06]; I(2) = 0%). Individual adverse events (ataxia, dizziness, fatigue, and nausea) were also significantly higher in the lacosamide group. Limitations. All dosage arms from the included studies were pooled to make a single pair-wise comparison to placebo. Selective reporting of outcomes was found in all of the included RCTs. Conclusions. Lacosamide as adjunctive therapy in patients with partial-onset seizures increases the 50% responder rate but with significantly more adverse events compared to the placebo.

The adverse event profile of lacosamide: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

PURPOSE: Defining the tolerability and safety profile of recently marketed antiepileptic drugs, such as lacosamide (LCM), is a prerequisite for their optimal utilization in clinical practice. We aimed to identify any adverse event (AE) associated with LCM treatment by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of all available randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We also evaluated the association of serious AEs with LCM, the proportion of study withdrawals due to intolerable AEs at different LCM doses, and whether the tolerability profile of LCM differs according to the disorder in which it was investigated.

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Summaries for consumers

Lacosamide for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults

Antiepileptic drugs like lacosamide are commonly used for treating neuropathic pain, usually defined as pain due to damage to nerves. This would include postherpetic neuralgia (persistent pain experienced in an area previously affected by shingles), painful diabetic neuropathy, nerve injury pain, phantom limb pain and trigeminal neuralgia; fibromyalgia also responds to some antiepileptic drugs. This type of pain can be severe and long‐lasting, is associated with lack of sleep, fatigue, depression and a reduced quality of life. This review included five studies in painful diabetic neuropathy (1863 participants) and one in fibromyalgia (159 participants). In people with painful diabetic neuropathy, lacosamide had only a modest effect, with a specific effect due to its use in 1 person in 10. This is a minor effect and may be an over‐estimate due to use of the last observation carried forward method for analysis. There was insufficient information in fibromyalgia to draw any conclusions about the effect of lacosamide. There was no significant difference between lacosamide and placebo for participants with any, or a serious, adverse event, but there were significantly more adverse event withdrawals with lacosamide. Regulatory authorities have not licensed lacosamide for treating pain based on evidence presently available.

Antiepileptic drugs to treat neuropathic pain or fibromyalgia‐ an overview of Cochrane reviews

Neuropathic pain is pain coming from damaged nerves. It is different from pain messages carried along healthy nerves from damaged tissue (eg a fall, cut, or arthritic knee). Neuropathic pain is treated by different medicines than pain from damaged tissue. Medicines such as paracetamol or ibuprofen are probably not effective in neuropathic pain, while medicines that are sometimes used to treat depression or epilepsy can be very effective in some people with neuropathic pain. Our understanding of fibromyalgia (a condition of persistent, widespread pain and tenderness, sleep problems, and fatigue) is lacking, but fibromyalgia can respond to the same medicines as neuropathic pain.

Anticonvulsants for fibromyalgia

Researchers in The Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of research about the effects of anticonvulsants (antiepileptic drugs) on fibromyalgia (FM). After searching for all relevant studies, they found eight studies with up to 3579 people. The anticonvulsants that they studied were gabapentin, lacosamide, levetiracetam and pregabalin. They found reliable conclusions for pregabalin only.

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