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Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet].

Outreach and integration programs to promote family planning in the extended postpartum period

Review published: 2013.

Bibliographic details: Sonalkar S, Mody S, Gaffield ME.  Outreach and integration programs to promote family planning in the extended postpartum period. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2013; 124(3): 193-197. [PMC free article: PMC4040294] [PubMed: 24434229]

Abstract

BACKGROUND: WHO recommends birth spacing to improve the health of the mother and child. One strategy to facilitate birth spacing is to improve the use of family planning during the first year postpartum.

OBJECTIVES: To determine from the literature the effectiveness of postpartum family-planning programs and to identify research gaps.

SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched for articles published between database inception and March 2013. Abstracts of conference presentations, dissertations, and unpublished studies were also considered.

SELECTION CRITERIA: Published studies with birth spacing or contraceptive use outcomes were included.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Standard abstract forms and the US Preventive Services Task Force grading system were used to summarize and assess the quality of the evidence.

MAIN RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Prenatal care, home visitation programs, and educational interventions were associated with improved family-planning outcomes, but should be further studied in low-resource settings. Mother-infant care integration, multidisciplinary interventions, and cash transfer/microfinance interventions need further investigation.

CONCLUSIONS: Programmatic interventions may improve birth spacing and contraceptive uptake. Larger well-designed studies in international settings are needed to determine the most effective ways to deliver family-planning interventions.

Copyright © 2013 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2014 University of York.

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