Strength of Evidence Table 2Change in dietary intake*

Setting, NIntv, NYears of studiesEnrolled ParticipantsStudies with Low/Moderate/High Risk of Bias(N)% with favorable (statistically sig) outcome% with favorable outcome (does not need to be stat sig)Risk of BiasConsistencyPrecisionDirectnessConclusionSOE/Evidence Statement
School onlyD, 119958690/1/000ModerateNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
C, 5*1999-201231970/3/220100ModerateConsistentImpreciseDirectBenefitLow
School-HomeC, 91991-201210,5150/9/01178ModerateConsistentImpreciseDirectBenefitLow
School-Home-CommunityC, 120121480/0/10100HighNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
HomeD, 12004590/1/000ModerateNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
C, 120121460/1/00100ModerateNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
Home-PC-CHIC, 120068781/0/00100 (boys only)LowNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
Primary CareC, 120096000/1/00Unable to determine (no baseline values provided; single arm study)ModerateNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
Child careC,22006-20129161/1/000LowInconsistentImpreciseDirectNot enough evidenct to determine benefitLow
Community-HomeC, 120102610/0/101HighNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
Community-SchoolC, 11997-20102966 and 24 schools (mean enrollment 1109)0/1/000ModerateNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
Community-Home-Primary Care-ChildcareC, 1201017890/1/011ModerateNAImpreciseDirectNot enough evidence to reach conclusionInsufficient
*

Not all settings and interventions reported intermediate outcomes. If no intermediate outcome was reported the setting and intervention row does not appear in this table.

C = Combination of diet and physical activity; CHI = Consumer Health Informatics; D = Diet intervention; Intv = Intervention; N = Sample Size; NA = Not Applicable; P = Physical activity intervention; PC = Primary Care; Sig = Significant; SOE = Strength of Evidence.

Not all settings and interventions reported intermediate outcomes. If no intermediate outcome was reported the setting and intervention row does not appear in this table.

From: Appendix F, Strength of the Evidence

Cover of Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness Review and Meta-Analysis
Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness Review and Meta-Analysis [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 115.
Wang Y, Wu Y, Wilson RF, et al.

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