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Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet].

D-dimer in preeclampsia: systematic review and meta-analysis

Review published: 2012.

Bibliographic details: de Barros Pinheiro M, Garcia Junqueira DR, Fonseca Coelho F, Freitas LG, Carvalho MG, Braga Gomes K, Santana Dusse LM.  D-dimer in preeclampsia: systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinica Chimica Acta 2012; 414: 166-170. [PubMed: 22922438]

Abstract

Preeclampsia is a multifactorial disease characterized by high blood pressure and proteinuria after the 20th week of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is associated with microvasculature fibrin deposition and maternal organ dysfunction. D-dimer (D-Di) has been used as a marker of production/degradation of fibrin in vivo. D-Di has emerged as a useful diagnostic tool for thrombotic conditions because its plasma concentration has a high negative predictive value for venous thromboembolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate publications that assessed plasma D-Di in preeclampsia and normotensive pregnant subjects to define its diagnostic value. A total of 194 publications were identified. Following the exclusion process, seven studies were in accordance with the pre-defined eligibility criteria. This systematic review was performed with methodologic accuracy, including a careful definition of preeclampsia and a high sensitivity literature search strategy. Quality of the included studies was assessed in accordance with widely accepted literature recommendations. Our meta-analysis indicates that increased plasma D-Di is associated with preeclampsia in the third trimester of gestation vs normotensive pregnant subjects. These preliminary findings in this select group of patients clearly highlight the need for additional comprehensive studies throughout pregnancy, including the establishment of an appropriate cut-off, in order to fully elucidate the diagnostic/prognostic role of D-Di in preeclampsia.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2014 University of York.

PMID: 22922438

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